Usually they are instituted to the benefice by the bishop and then inducted by the archdeacon into the possession of the benefice property—church and parsonage. Curates assistant clergy are appointed by rectors and vicars, or if priests-in-charge by the bishop after consultation with the patron.
Cathedral clergy normally a dean and a varying number of residentiary canons who constitute the cathedral chapter are appointed either by the Crown, the bishop, or by the dean and chapter themselves. Clergy officiate in a diocese either because they hold office as beneficed clergy or are licensed by the bishop when appointed, or simply with permission. The most senior bishop of the Church of England is the Archbishop of Canterbury , who is the metropolitan of the southern province of England, the Province of Canterbury.
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He has the status of Primate of All England. He is the focus of unity for the worldwide Anglican Communion of independent national or regional churches. Justin Welby has been Archbishop of Canterbury since the confirmation of his election on 4 February The second most senior bishop is the Archbishop of York , who is the metropolitan of the northern province of England, the Province of York. For historical reasons relating to the time of York's control by the Danes he is referred to as the Primate of England.
John Sentamu became Archbishop of York in The process of appointing diocesan bishops is complex, due to historical reasons balancing hierarchy against democracy, and is handled by the Crown Nominations Committee which submits names to the Prime Minister acting on behalf of the Crown for consideration. The Church of England has a legislative body, the General Synod. Synod can create two types of legislation, measures and canons. Measures have to be approved but cannot be amended by the British Parliament before receiving the Royal Assent and becoming part of the law of England.
Canons require Royal Licence and Royal Assent, but form the law of the church, rather than the law of the land. Another assembly is the Convocation of the English Clergy , which is older than the General Synod and its predecessor the Church Assembly. By the Synodical Government Measure almost all of the Convocations' functions were transferred to the General Synod. Additionally, there are Diocesan Synods and deanery synods , which are the governing bodies of the divisions of the Church. Of the 42 diocesan archbishops and bishops in the Church of England, 26 are permitted to sit in the House of Lords.
The remaining 21 seats are filled in order of seniority by consecration. It may take a diocesan bishop a number of years to reach the House of Lords, at which point he becomes a Lord Spiritual. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby , has made some effort to prevent complaints of sex abuse cases being covered up.
Independent investigators are examining files as far back as the s and Welby hopes this independence will prevent any possibility of a cover-up. We will systematically bring those transparently and openly first of all working with the survivors where they are still alive and then seeing what they want. The rule is survivors come first, not our own interests, and however important the person was, however distinguished, however well-known, survivors come first. Justin Welby. The personal files of all Church of England clergy since the s are being audited in an effort to ensure no cover-up.
Welby emphasised repeatedly that no cover-up would be acceptable. Despite such assurances there is concern that not enough may be done and historic abuse may still sometimes be covered up. The problem wasn't that bishops weren't trained in such matters, it is the institutional culture of denial and the bullying of the abused and whistleblowers into silence. One report suggests that 13 bishops ignored letters written in the s warning of abuse by Ball on behalf of a victim who later committed suicide. I have seen evidence that such bullying persists to this day.
I hope that the Archbishop's review into the case of Peter Ball will deal with such bullying and what appears to be the undue influence exerted on the police and CPS by the Church in dealing with this case. The total failure of procedures, outlined by Ian Elliott, echoes that revealed in the totally damning Cahill Report about the conduct of the Archbishop Hope of York in respect of Robert Waddington.
The current Archbishop of York has decided that this report should remain in printed form rather than be more widely available on the web. Bishop Peter Ball was convicted in October on several charges of indecent assault against young adult men. There have also been allegations of child sex abuse , for example Robert Waddington. A complainant, known only as "Joe", tried for decades to have action taken over sadistic sex abuse which Garth Moore perpetrated against him in when "Joe" was 15 years old. None of the high ranking clergy who "Joe" spoke to recall being told about the abuse, which "Joe" considers incredible.
The Church of England wants to bury and discourage allegations of non-recent abuse. They know how difficult it is for survivors to come forward, and it appears from this case that the Church has a plan of making it hard for these vulnerable people to come forward. This survivor has had the courage to press his case. Most do not.
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Most harbour the psychological fallout in silence. We need to find a way to make the system more approachable for survivors. Although an established church , the Church of England does not receive any direct government support. Donations comprise its largest source of income, and it also relies heavily on the income from its various historic endowments. A user-edited resource, it currently lists 16, churches and has 7, editors in 42 dioceses. In , the directory formed the data backbone of Christmas Near You  and in was used to promote the church's Harvest Near You initiative.
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