We say rest days can still be all about marathons though—a Friday Night Lights marathon , perhaps? Moisture-Wicking Clothing : Non-cotton running attire or technical apparel keeps sweat away from the body to prevent chafing read more on how fun that can be below. Garmin : Many runners rely on this brand or other GPS-enabled sports watches often way too much to track distance, pace, heart rate, and more.
Fuel : When going long, runners have to fill up their tank! Running nutrition comes in all kinds of forms, including energy gels or GUs , chews, bars, and even jelly beans. Others prefer to chomp on pretzels or sugary candies like Swedish Fish! Running Tights : Especially during cold weather months, runners even men! Warning: Running tights show off all your curves. And we mean all of them. Compression Socks : Often a post-run tradition, runners don a pair of compression socks , or very snug, knee-high tube socks, to speed recovery.
Some even wear them during the race itself, believing they get oxygen to the leg muscles at a faster rate. The most well-known of the minimalist shoes are the funky-looking Vibram FiveFingers.
How to run a mile personal best
Say that five times fast! Singlets : Runners often wear these sleeveless tank tops while racing. Pronation : This refers to the way the foot strikes the ground while running. If someone is an overpronator , their foot rolls inward while running guilty! Getting fitted for a proper running shoe can help with correcting both. Runners often have a target BPM to get the most out of each workout.
Injury Prevention for Runners
Aerobic vs. Anaerobic Exercise : While both aerobic and anaerobic exercises burn glucose , there are some differences. Aerobic exercise is long in duration but low in intensity like walking or jogging , while anaerobic exercise is short in duration but high in intensity like sprinting or heavy lifting. Lactic Acid : Formed when the body cannot generate energy using oxygen, lactic acid is produced anaerobically especially during hard workouts. Anaerobic Threshold : This is the point of exercise where the going gets tough, and lactic acid begins to accumulate in the bloodstream.
Runners can increase their VO2 Max with harder training. Chafing : Yikes. How do we put this gently? Sweat and fabric rub against the skin while distance running and can cause painful irritation and rashes. To prevent chafing or worse, bloody nipples , coat up everywhere and we mean everywhere with Bodyglide or Vaseline before hitting the road.
You decide. Discolored toenails on runners are a result of impact and pressure on the toe. DOMS : Oww. The discomfort of DOMS , or delayed-onset muscle soreness, can occur between 24 and 48 hours after running and can make walking up and down the stairs especially troublesome. Shin Splints : Another common running injury, shin splints refer to pain on or around the shinbones. Plantar Fasciitis : Feel pain and stiffness in the heel? It might be plantar fasciitis or inflammation of the bottom of the foot due to overuse or overstretching.
Sufferers can usually self-treat it with rest, ice, and stretching. ITBS : This painful injury to the IT band in the leg which runs from the hip, down the thigh, across the knee, and through the shin can leave many runners myself included sidelined. Before totally cursing IT Band Syndrome , massage, stretching, and strength training tend to help.
Hey, ITBS, meet the foam roller! An ice bath is shocking to the senses, but can also reduce inflammation and aid in the post-long run recovery process. Just be sure to put on a hat and scarf and make a cup of tea first! Mile feet or about meters four laps around the track. Road Race : These public races held on a road, not on a trail have a clearly marked course and runners who register to participate—which will usually get them a free T-shirt, too. Taper : A few weeks before a big race, a runner will decrease their total running mileage to store energy.
Because the tapering process involves less running and more rest, runners tend to get very antsy and hungry during their taper! Carbo-Loading : During a taper, runners can eat all the pasta, bread, and bagels they want. Well, not really. Bib : Runners pick up this piece of paper with a designated number before the race and attach it to their shirts to wear during the run.
Tip: Bring extra safety pins to smaller races. They sometimes run out! Corral : Because of so many participants, big races often divide runners into groups not unlike a corral of livestock , with start times based on their expected finishing times. The speedsters at the front; the slowpokes in the back. Rabbit : No, not the cute and cuddly kind! Rabbits are runners who serve as pacemakers or pace-setters during a race, with the rest of the field chasing them down. And just like the Energizer Bunny, they keep going, and going, and going—all on pace. Bandit : These cheaters make their way into a race without registering or paying an entrance fee.
FYI, Bandits , runners are onto you! Kick : This is the final push runners give at the end of a race to increase their speed to the finish line. See also: Giving it all you got. Leaving it all on the road. Separating the winners from the losers; the men from the boys. Get the point? Chip Time : Often measured by an electronic chip in the sneaker or bib, this is the actual time it takes a runner to get from the start line to the finish line. If a runner has an even split, it means they ran the same pace through the entire race.
What happened?! Did you fall into the Porta-Potty? Or get lost along the course? In , this means men ages must have a marathon finish time of under For women ages , it means under For many runners, Boston is the ultimate goal. Hardware : Wear these race medals with pride, then hang them in a place of honor. Boecker, H. Chocolate milk is a great post-run snack, but granola, especially when combined with fruit and whole-fat yogurt, can provide a quick hunger fix before you hop into the shower.
Looking for more great running tips, practical advice and motivation as you start your new running journey? Sign up for the Well Running Guide. If you run enough, injuries will happen. How you manage those injuries will determine if you get back on the road tomorrow or six months from now. Dynamic stretching, a technique that allows you to stretch your muscles while your body is in motion, can be very valuable to runners. As opposed to stretching while remaining still — think old-school toe-touches — stretching while in motion has been shown to increase power, flexibility and range of motion.
The dynamic stretch called the straight-leg march is especially good for your hamstrings and gluteous muscles. Your muscles are going to ache during training. Foam rollers are effective in helping you roll out these sore spots. Using your body weight to lean into a roller in a particular spot can relieve pain and ease muscle tightness in a way that stretching cannot, especially in your hips, quads and calves. Another popular tool to roll out sore muscles is The Stick.
With this tool, you exert pressure through the apparatus, while rolling it up and down against a sore muscle.
Are you a Marathoner?
For tough-to-reach areas, like your feet or back, rolling them against a golf ball or tennis ball can do the trick. While you can accomplish pain relief with a foam roller at home, a massage therapist can often push your muscles further than you would on your own. A sports massage is not a relaxing massage, but it is designed to break up knots. It may hurt a little bit in the process, so communicate with your massage therapist if something hurts too much.
Look for a professional who has earned a certificate in sports massage therapy, but if you find yourself sore or bruised three days after a massage, find another practitioner. If you are sick above your neck — a head cold, sinus infection or allergies — you can most likely run and be fine. Get better first, then be on your way. Not sure if you feel up to it? Run a half mile.
When training for a marathon, you are certain to have your days of soreness and fatigue.
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A lot of small pains and soreness can be resolved with rest, ice, compression and elevation. Use the acronym R. Taking time off may make you anxious and worried about hitting your goals, but your top priority should be to get to the starting line healthy. If that means taking two or three days off to rest a sore hip or a turned ankle, so be it. Tendonitis is the inflammation of a tendon, which is what attaches bone to muscle. Tendonosis is more extensive damage to that tendon.
These injuries can happen almost anywhere in the lower body for runners, but common spots are hips and feet. If you have either of these you will feel a dull ache, especially when you try to move the affected joint. The Fix: Since these injuries are caused by overuse, rest can help. So can strengthening the muscles in the affected area so they place less stress on the tendon.
Tendonosis typically requires longer periods of rest and may end your training. If you try to run through it, tendonosis can often lead to a stress fracture. Stress fractures occur when a muscle is so fatigued it stops absorbing the stress that running puts on your body. Instead, that job is sent to the bones. With too much stress, the bone fractures a little.
For runners, stress fractures can happen anywhere along the lower body, from your pelvis down to your feet. They are much more common in women, especially if they are not menstruating, said Dr. Stress fractures will cause localized pain when you run and sometimes when you walk. They are often caused by running too much without sufficient rest, increasing intensity too quickly or running on a hard surface, like concrete. The Fix: Rest. No way around it, said Weber.
Stress fractures require significant time off and will end your training. It will cause pain under your knee that is difficult to pinpoint and can feel worse after sitting for a prolonged period of time. It can also be caused by weak muscles in your thighs or tightness in the hamstring or calves. The Fix: Stretching can help lengthen your hamstrings and calves. Strength training exercises for the quads and hamstrings can also help. Sometimes called IT-band syndrome for short, iliotibial band syndrome is an inflammation of the ligament that runs from your thigh to your shin.
The Fix: Rest, along with stretching or strengthening the hips, quadriceps and gluteous muscles can help. Try the one-legged hip raise! Running on an angled street can create an imbalance between your legs that causes your IT band to stretch, causing this syndrome. Take your runs to flatter ground. Plantar fasciitis is a common foot pain caused by inflammation in the band of tissue that connects your heel to your toes. If the underside of your foot screams when you take your first morning steps, you have most likely developed plantar fasciitis. The Fix: Stretching your feet will usually help.
You can also wear a splint at night to keep your foot stretched as you sleep. Compression socks can also contribute when they add too much pressure to your toes. The Fix: Affected toenails eventually fall off, so be patient. In the meantime, find better-fitting shoes. See a podiatrist or physician for advice. Blisters can happen as a result of poorly fitting shoes. They can also occur when you start to increase your speed or distance.
Vlahovic says to leave the outer skin of the blister on because it protects the raw skin underneath. You can also apply lubricant like Body Glide to your feet before running. Medical tape can also help. Jen A. Miller is the author of "Running: A Love Story. Twitter: byJenAMiller. How to Set a Goal Do you want to set a personal record or just finish? Get More Running Tips From Well Our weekly email for runners delivers practical tips, expert advice, exclusive content and a bit of motivation to your inbox to help you on your running journey. Your email address Sign up now. October 30, Training for the Marathon on 1.
Strength Training Strength training is an essential part of training for a time-based marathon. Build Muscle Efficiently It can be hard to find the time to lift weights when you are already running four or six days a week. One-Legged Hip Raise This exercise strengthens the gluteus medius muscle around your hips to increase your lateral stability, preventing hip injuries from the constant pounding of the road. One-Legged Hip Raise A good exercise to strengthen your glutes, abdominals and lower back. Deadlift and Front Raise This is a great all-in-one exercise that engages your lower back, hips, shoulders and upper back.
Deadlift and Front Raise This exercise targets your lower back, hamstrings, biceps and triceps. Knee Tucks The previous exercises strengthen the muscles that support running, but this one directly works the muscles used when you run. Knee Tucks This challenging exercise builds your hip and abdominal muscles. Try it: 1. Straighten up to a standing position, pulling the dumbbell up over your head. Repeat times. Lateral Lunges Lunges strengthen the gluteus medius, the muscle along the outside of your hip.
Stand with your feet shoulder width apart, with your hands on your hips. Bring your right leg back to the center and repeat on left side. Train Your Brain Some mental exercises to help get you through your run. How to Eat Training for a marathon is indeed a license to eat more, but be sure to be smart about how you fuel yourself. Eat Whole When you are training for a marathon, you need high-quality nutrition. My Vegan Marathon June 28, What to Eat The foods you eat should help — not hurt — your training runs.
Pineapple Banana Mint Smoothie May 21, Peanut Butter Cookies February 4, Turkish Hummus with Yogurt September 30, Peanut Butter and Pickle Sandwich October 24, Egg-in-a-Hole July 1, Chocolate Pudding December 5, Granola Muffins December 9, Run With Well Looking for more great running tips, practical advice and motivation as you start your new running journey? Prevent and Recover From Injury If you run enough, injuries will happen. Stretch it Out Dynamic stretching, a technique that allows you to stretch your muscles while your body is in motion, can be very valuable to runners.
Roll it Out Your muscles are going to ache during training. Massage it Out While you can accomplish pain relief with a foam roller at home, a massage therapist can often push your muscles further than you would on your own. When You Are Sick If you are sick above your neck — a head cold, sinus infection or allergies — you can most likely run and be fine.
When to See a Doctor When training for a marathon, you are certain to have your days of soreness and fatigue.
But when is rest not enough? Learning Moderation From the Marathon October 28, Common Running Injuries. Tendonitis and Tendonosis Tendonitis is the inflammation of a tendon, which is what attaches bone to muscle.
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